A history of Arabic literature by Clement Huart

By Clement Huart

EDITORIAL PREFACE

This quantity has been written at my invitation for this sequence of brief Histories of the Literatures of the area, and has been translated from the author's manuscript via girl Mary Loyd.

Professor Clement Huart, who's some of the most exceptional and most generally finished -of dwelling Orientalists, was once born in 1854. he's one of many eminent jap students who've proceeded from the Ecole des Langues Orientales Vivantes, and it's his infrequent contrast to have proceeded, from the 1st, at equivalent steps alongside the research of Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Romaic literatures. He used to be early hooked up to the provider of the French international place of work, and exercised for numerous years the services of chancellor on the French Consulate at Damascus. He used to be finally known as to Constantinople, initially as dragoman to the French Embassy, then as Consul. In 1890 he used to be despatched to Asia Minor to make a record at the Arabic epigraphy of that province, and he has made related investigations in Syria. He was once recalled to Paris to fill the in charge place of work of secretary-interpreter for Oriental languages to the French executive. The guides of Professor Huart are a variety of, and are identified to all japanese scholars.

I need to thank Professor Huart for the kindness with which he has tailored his striking shops of knowledge to the scope of the volumes of the current sequence. because the process of literation used for the Arabic language in France is kind of various from that hired by way of English students, it used to be essential to transpose Professor Huart's spelling of right names, and this job has been played for me by means of Mr. Reynold A. Nicholson, past due Fellow of Trinity collage, Cambridge, and now Lecturer in Persian to that University.

EDMUND GOSSE.

January 1903.

A heritage OF

ARABIC LITERATURE

CHAPTER I

THE weather AND THE RACE—ORIGINS OF ARABIC POETRY—ITS PRIMITIVE FORMS

Range after diversity of gray serrated mountain peaks; southward, back, large plains, stretching to never-ending horizons, and strewn with blackish pebbles ; and, final of all, the sandy wilderness, tinged with purple, its rolling drifts blown hither and thither via the winds, to the unceasing terror of the tourist: such are the areas which half Arabia from the remainder of the earth, and which made it for therefore lengthy a time a land of puzzle. On some other facet, the ocean. The pink Sea, with its depths peopled with myriad madrepores, its risky reefs simply hidden underneath the skin of the waters. The Indian Ocean, with its periodical monsoons, and its wild hurricanes raging over the open. The Persian Gulf, whose wavelets die at the alluvia of 2 nice historical rivers—Euphrates and Tigris. within the centre of the Peninsula, tall, naked mountains upward thrust once again. approximately their toes, the place water springs are stumbled on, stand cities, with palm groves clus-

tering around them. at the coastline are many ports, the place ships embark the produce of the country—dates, espresso, gums, and balsams, whereas a few small amounts of eu exports are landed in exchange.

From time immemorial, the nomad Arabs, proprietors of significant flocks and herds, have wandered from side to side upon this territory, relocating their camps of black camel's haircloth tents whithersoever the grass grows or a tiny rill of water tinkles; touring from one aspect to a different on single-humped camels—the simply steed the character of the rustic will permit—in never-ending caravans, which occasionally develop into warlike expeditions.

What is that this country, which at one second of its heritage leapt up ahead of the realm in unexpected and outstanding fortune, overthrowing the nice Persian Empire of the Sasanians, and defeating the Roman Legions of the decrease Empire? One burst of enthusiasm—it used to be yet a flash—sent forth those males (who had performed naught, hitherto, yet quarrel over an outstanding camping-ground, or struggle to avenge a few unsuitable) to beat the complete international. however the Bedouin fell again ere lengthy into his primitive lifestyle. Lovingly has he clung to...

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